Maximizing seed germination in five species of the genus Acacia (Fabaceae Mimosaceae)

  • Abdenour Kheloufi Department of Ecology and Environment, University of Batna2, Batna, Algeria http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4928-349X
  • Faiza Zineb Boukhatem Department of Biotechnology, University of Oran, Oran, Algeria
  • Lahouaria Mounia Mansouri Department of Ecology and Environment, University of Batna2, Batna, Algeria
  • Mohamed Djelilate Department of Biology, University of Relizane, Relizane, Algeria

Abstract

Seeds of many tree-species possess a hard seed coat which is impervious to water. These seeds often take a long time to germinate, resulting in heterogeneity and a delay in seedlings development which is an inconvenience for reforestation success. The aim of the present work was to determine the possibilities to improve the germination of five leguminous trees of the genus Acacia that have been recorded in the arid and the desert region of Algeria using sulphuric acid. A duration of 30 min of immersion in sulphuric acid improved the seed germination up to 97.5% and 99% for A. albida and A. laeta, respectively. Increasing the time of immersion (from 30 to 90 min) improved the germination percentages for A. ehrenbergiana and A. seyal seeds to 92.5% and 93.7%, respectively. Increasing this duration to 120 min had a positive effect on A. tortilis seed germination, improving the final germination rate up to 97%. Understanding of seed Germination Requirements is very important for regeneration and successful tree establishment in forest nurseries as well as for direct plantation in arid and semi-arid lands.

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Author Biography

Abdenour Kheloufi, Department of Ecology and Environment, University of Batna2, Batna, Algeria
Department of Ecology and Environment
Published
2019-06-27
How to Cite
Kheloufi, A., Boukhatem, F. Z., Mansouri, L. M., & Djelilate, M. (2019). Maximizing seed germination in five species of the genus Acacia (Fabaceae Mimosaceae). REFORESTA, (7), 15-23. https://doi.org/10.21750/REFOR.7.02.64
Section
Articles

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