Reforestation in Macedonia: History, current practice and future perspectives

  • Dana Dina Kolevska Faculty of Forestry, 16 Makedonska brigada Str., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  • Ivan Blinkov Faculty of Forestry, 16 Makedonska brigada Str., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  • Pande Trajkov Faculty of Forestry, 16 Makedonska brigada Str., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  • Vladimir Maletić Faculty of Forestry, 16 Makedonska brigada Str., 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Keywords: Macedonia, Natural Conditions, Land Use, Forest Structure, Deforestation, Reforestation

Abstract

This paper presents data about forestry and reforestation in the Republic of Macedonia. The country is characterized with great diversity of natural conditions and rich floral and faunal biodiversity Forests in Macedonia cover 38% of its territory. About 71% represent coppiced and degraded and 29% tall forests. Historical, social and natural conditions caused gradual deforestation, forest and land degradation. Foundations of artificial afforestation were laid in the first decade of XX century. First reforestation started already in 1913/14 and continued, with various intensity, in the next decades. In the period between two world wars a foundation of modern forestry was established, as forestry education, scientific work etc., to help dealing with reforestation of waste bare and erosive lands. The most intensive reforestation was performed in 1971-1990 and during the following years significantly decreases. There is room for improving of some aspects of the reforestation, in aim to improve survival and development of the young stands.

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Published
2017-07-01
Section
Review articles

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