Reforestation in Belarus: From the history up to the present time
AbstractThe forest has always played a big part in Belarus. At present it covers about 40% of area of the country`s territory. Predominantly the forests are of natural origin. The main species are Pinus sylvestris L. (Scotch pine), Betula pendula Roth (European white birch) and Picea abies (L.) Karst. (Norway spruce). The other valuable species are Quercus robur L (English oak), Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (European alder), Larix deciduaÂ Mill. (European larch), Abies albaÂ Mill. (Silver fir). The history of the forest management in Belarus showed that over last 150 years the enormous damage to the qualitative and quantitative composition of forests had been made by wars and reconstruction of destroyed industry. The taken reforestation measures allowed to increase the forest area significantly, however, the work on improving of forests` quality requires further development. At present the artificial forest regeneration prevails in the republic. Over the past five years the volumes of established forest plantations range from 21 to 25 thousand hectares annually, the areas of assistance to the natural regeneration â€“ from 4 to 6 thousand hectares annually. By now there are about 1,700 ha of the forest seed orchards, 2,795 plus trees and 1,125 ha of the plus stands in the republic. The cultivation of planting stock for needs of reforestation is carried out on 73 forest tree nurseries with a total area of 1,440 ha. Annually over the last five years there were grown from 270 to 317 million seedlings and transplants, among them 30-35 million seedlings were grown in greenhouses and about 6 million were container seedlings. In order to improve the gene resource and thereby to increase the productivity and quality of future forests, the tendency of forest plantations` prevalence in the reforestation process of Belarus should remain, but in this case the volumes of partial forest plantations should be increased.
Baghinsky VF, Esymchik LD (1996) The forest exploitation in Belarus: history, contemporary state, problems and prospects. Minsk: The Belarusian science.
Baghinsky VF (1997) The problems of reforestation in Belarus. The Environmental Resources 2:64-71.
Baghinsky VF (2013) The unsanctioned forest felling. Historical background. The Forest and Hunting Household 9:31-37.
Baghinsky VF (2014) The state of affairs, problems and prospects of the main forest exploitation in the Republic of Belarus at the present stage. The Siberian Journal of Forest Science 2:7-21.
Berezenko NM, Pobedov VS (1969) The forests of Belarus. Minsk: Harvest.
Kruck NK, Ushkevich GS (2008) The forest plantations of Belarus: dynamics, species composition, methods of establishment (1944â€“2000).The Forest and Hunting Household 3:17-22.
Kruck NÐš (2011) The current state and development trends of reforestation in Belarus. Proceedings of BSTU Forestry 1: 148â€“152.
Nosnikov VV (2015) Reforestation in Republic of Belarus subject to foreign experience. Proceedings of BSTU, Forestry 1:145-148.
Tarasenko VP, Epatjev VA, Kruck NK, Holodilova LV (2004) The history of the forest management of Belarus. Edition 2. Gomel, FI NAS B.
The condition of the natural habitat of Belarus: the Environmental Bulletin (2016). Minsk.
The Forestry Code of the Republic of Belarus (2015). Minsk.
Poplavskaya LF, Rebko SV, Tupick PV (2011) The growth dynamics of plantation of common pine, specie â€œNegorelskayaâ€. Proceedings of BSTU, Forestry 1:153-152.
Rozhkov LN (2015) The dividing of forests of Belarus into categories of forests` protectiveness. The Forest and Hunting Household 6:11-16.
Yanushko ÐD (2001) The forestry of Belarus â€“ history, economics, problems and prospects of development. Minsk.: BSTU.
Copyright (c) 2017 Vadim Nosnikov
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution LicenseÂ CCBYÂ that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open Access).