Responses at the stand and tree level to ice storm injuries in beech forests in eastern Serbia

Authors

  • Branko Kanjevac University of Belgrade - Faculty of Forestry
  • Miloš Račić Institute of Forestry, Belgrade
  • Jovan Dobrosavljević University of Belgrade - Faculty of Forestry
  • Nikola Martać Institute of Forestry, Belgrade

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21750/REFOR.16.02.107

Keywords:

Beech, ice storm, injuries, structural stability, Eastern Serbia

Abstract

The paper presents the study on the condition and structural stability of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stands after the 2014 ice storm disturbance. The research was conducted in three pure beech stands on the Rtanj mountain in eastern Serbia. The stand condition after the ice storm was analyzed using changes in taxation elements. The assessment of tree damage was done according to the ICP Forests methodology, while the structural stability of the stands and individual trees was analyzed using the slenderness coefficient. The obtained results indicate very heterogeneous responses of beech stands to the negative impact of the ice storm. Heterogeneity is not only expressed between stands but also within individual stands. The stands after the ice storm are characterized by significantly reduced values of production indicators, but also by satisfactory stability, considering that the trees from the understory suffered the most. Statistically significant differences in the stability of trees of different dimensions expressed through the slenderness coefficient were determined. Consequently, the stands have maintained an appropriate level of stability thanks to the survival and resistance of the dominant trees that are the bearers of functions in these stands (trees with dbh > 40 cm). This indicates the great potential of silvicultural treatments that can increase the stability and resistance of stands in areas with a high risk of such phenomena. In addition, repressive action in the form of salvage logging has a very important role with the aim of ensuring the continuity of stands after damage has occurred.

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Published

2023-12-29

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How to Cite

“Responses at the Stand and Tree Level to Ice Storm Injuries in Beech Forests in Eastern Serbia”. REFORESTA, no. 16 (December 29, 2023): 16–26. Accessed May 20, 2024. https://journal.reforestationchallenges.org/index.php/REFOR/article/view/176.