Parallel disasters: Wars and biodiversity loss in mountain areas

Main Article Content

Bartolomeo Schirone
Iman Al-Hirsh
Nisreen Al-Qaddi
Corrado Battisti
Federico Vessella
Tatiana Marras
Maria Raffaella Ortolani


It is widely accepted that the Mediterranean Basin is a prominent hotspot of biodiversity hosting a significant richness of plant lineages and fauna.  Projected trends in the context of global change suggest this area will cope with strong increases in temperature and decreases in precipitation with consequent effects on forests and ecosystem services. Upward shifts of species range and/or mass extinction are expected to occur on a broad scale, especially in the Mediterranean.  Here, mountain ecosystems would undergo the most severe reduction and fragmentation events.  Further human based impacts aggravate the effects of global warming.  Among them, wars and civil disorders seriously affect mountain landscapes, marking them over time.Presently, many threats of war are occurring in the Mediterranean and mostly in mountain areas at a high level of biodiversity. Furthermore, these same scenarios are overlapped with global warming, thus exposing many species to an actual risk of extinction.The aim of this study was to find a solution to the disturbances created in the forest ecosystem by the consequences of war of an identified area in the Mediterranean basin.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Schirone, Bartolomeo, Iman Al-Hirsh, Nisreen Al-Qaddi, Corrado Battisti, Federico Vessella, Tatiana Marras, and Maria Raffaella Ortolani. “Parallel Disasters: Wars and Biodiversity Loss in Mountain Areas”. REFORESTA0, no. 2 (December 26, 2016): 76-80. Accessed February 4, 2023.
SPECIAL ISSUE: Bragança 2016


AlHeresh E (2016) Introduction of ecological corridors in Palestinian landscape restoration toward a threat analysis approach. PhD thesis.

Al-qaddi N (2016) Plant biodiversity in West Bank: Strategic tools for conservation and management. PhD thesis.

Medail F, Diadema K (2009) Glacial refugia influence plant diversity patterns in the Mediterranean Basin. J. Biogeogr.36, 1333–1345.

Mitri G, Nader M, Van der Molen I, Lovett J (2014) Evaluating exposure to land degradation in association with repetitive armed conflicts in North Lebanon using multi-temporal satellite data. Environ. Monit. Assess. 186:7655–7672.

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.