The effect of temperature on the Fusarium sambucinum growth from the one-year-old Fraxinus excelsior seedlings in Montenegro

Main Article Content

Aleksandar Vemić
Zlatan Radulović


Species complex Fusarium sambucinum was frequently isolated from ash stands in Montenegro. Previous researches revealed that it is dangerous pathogen for one-year-old seedlings. The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of temeperature on growth and morphological characteristics of morphotype isolated from one-year-old common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) seedlings in Montenegro. Growth of Fusarium sambucinum pure cultures on different temperatures was the fastest on 25°C while the absence of growth occurred on 32.5°C. Cultures on optimum temperature were white reddish, aerial and with a lot hyaline, curved multi septate conidia. This research covers basic ecological and morphological characteristics of Fusarium sambucinum strain responsible for high pathogenicity towards one-year-old common ash seedlings in Montenegro.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Vemić, Aleksandar, and Zlatan Radulović. “The Effect of Temperature on the Fusarium Sambucinum Growth from the One-Year-Old Fraxinus Excelsior Seedlings in Montenegro”. REFORESTA, no. 11 (June 30, 2021): 36-44. Accessed February 4, 2023.


Booth (1971) The genus Fusarium. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, England.

Bakys R, Vasaitis R, Barklund P, Thomsen IM, Stenlid J (2009) Occurrence and pathogenicity of fungi in necrotic and non-symptomatic shoots of declining common ash (Fraxinus excelsior) in Sweden. Eur J Forest Res 128(1): 51-60

Cleary MR, Arhipova N, Gaitnieks T, Stenlid J, Vasaitis R (2013) Natural infection of Fraxinus excelsior seeds by Chalara fraxinea. Forest Pathol 43(1):83-85.

Davydenko K, Vasaitis R, Stenlid J, Menkis A (2013) Fungi in foliage and shoots of Fraxinus excelsior in eastern Ukraine: a first report on Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus. Forest Pathol 43(6): 462-467.

Desjardins AE (1995) Population structure of Gibberella pulicaris (anamorph Fusarium sambucinum) from potato tuber dry rot in North America and Europe. American Potato Journal 72: 145-156.

Gams W, Nirenberg HI, Seifert KA, Brayford D, Thrane U (1997) Proposal to conserve the name Fusarium sambucinum (Hyphomycetes). Taxon 46: 111-113.

Geiser DM, Jimenez-Gasco M, Kang S, Makalowska I, Veeraraghavan N, Ward TJ, Zhang N, Kuldau GA, O’Donnell K (2004) FUSARIUM-ID v. 1.0, A DNA sequence database for identifying Fusarium. Eur J Plant Pathol 110(5): 473-479.

Gross A, Holdenrieder O, Pautasso M, Queloz V, Sieber TN (2014) Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus, the causal agent of European ash dieback. Mol Plant Pathol 15(1): 5-21.

Ioos R, Kowalski T, Husson C, Holdenrieder O (2009) Rapid in planta detection of Chalara fraxinea by a real-time PCR assay using a dual-labelled probe. Eur J Plant Pathol 125(2):329–335.

Karadžić D (2010) Šumska fitopatologija, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Šumarski fakultet. [in Serbian]

Kommedahl T, Abbas HK, Burnes PM, Mirocha CJ (1988) Prevalence and toxigenicity of Fusarium spp. from soil of Norway near the Arctic Circle. Mycologia 80: 790-794.

Kommedahl T, Windels CE, Lang DS (1975) Comparison of Fusarium populations in grasslands of Minesota, USA and Iceland. Mycologia 67: 38-44.

Kowalski T, Bilański P, Kraj W (2017) Pathogenicity of fungi associated with ash dieback towards Fraxinus excelsior. Plant Pathol 66(8): 1228-1238.

Kowalski T, Kraj W, Bednarz B (2016) Fungi on stems and twigs in initial and advanced stages of dieback of European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) in Poland. Eur J Forest Res 135: 565-579.

Kowalski T, Łukomska A (2005) The studies on ash dying (Fraxinus excelsior L.) in the Włoszczowa Forest Unit stands. Acta Agrobotanica 59(2): 429-440. (in Polish with English abstract).

Laraba I, McCormick SP, Vaughan MM, Geiser DM, O’Donnell K (2021) Phylogenetic diversity, trichothecene potential, and pathogenicity within Fusarium sambucinum species complex. PLoS ONE 16(1): e0245037.

Leslie JF, Summerell BA (2006) The Fusarium Laboratory Manual. Blackwell Publishing.

Leslie JF, Summerell BA (2013) An overview of Fusarium, In: Brown DV, Proctor RH (eds) Fusarium Genomics, Molecular and Cellular Biology. Caister Academic Press. Norfolk, UK, pp. 1-11.

Moretti A (2009) Taxonomy of Fusarium genus: A continuous fight between lumpers and splitters. Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke 117, 7-13.

Nirenberg HI (1995) Morphological differentiation of Fusarium sambucinum Fückel sensu stricto, F. torulosum (Berk. & Curt.) Nirenberg comb.nov., and F.venenatum Nirenberg sp.nov. Mycopathologia 129: 131-141.

O’Donell K (1992) Ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers are highly divergent in the phytopathogenic ascomycete Fusarium sambucinum (Gibberella pulicaris). Current Genetics 22: 213-220.

Pautasso M, Aas G, Queloz V, Holdenrieder O (2013) European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) dieback – A conservation biology challenge. Biol Conserv 158: 37-49.

Przybył K (2002a) Fungi associated with necrotic apical parts of Fraxinus excelsior shoots. Forest Pathol 32(6): 387-394.

Przybył K (2002b) Mycobiota of thin roots showing decay of Fraxinus excelsior L. young trees. Dendrobiology 48: 65-69.

Vemić A (2020) Influence of mycoses on health condition of main broadleaf species in the area of ˊBiogradska goraˊ National Park. Dissertation, University of Belgrade - Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia. 137 pp. [in Serbian].

Vemić A, Milenković I (2018) The distribution of the common ash mycoses in ՝Biogradska gora՝ National Park. Forestry 1-2: 143-154 [in Serbian].

Vemić A, Tomšovský M, Jung T, Milenković I (2019) Pathogenicity of fungi associated with ash dieback symptoms of one-year-old Fraxinus excelsior in Montenegro. Forest Pathol 49(5): e12539.