Initial height and diameter are equally related to survival and growth of hardwood seedlings in first year after field planting

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Vladan Ivetić
Jovana Devetaković
Zoran Maksimović


This study compares the relation of initial height and root collar diameter of bareroot hardwoods seedlings to survival and growth in first year after planting. A total of six species used in Serbian reforestation programs were tested (four native: Fagus sylvatica, Ulmus laevis, Fraxinus excelsior, and Acer pseudoplatanus and two exotic: Robinia pseudoacacia, and Quercus rubra), at 6 sites with a wide range of environmental conditions. Initial seedling height and diameter were equally related to field performance and better in forecasting growth than survival. The relation between seedlings initial morphological attributes and survival was species specific, while for all tested species growth was positively correlated to seedling size at planting. Although large seedlings kept their advantage in size, smaller seedlings grew at a higher rate. Both initial H and D should be considered as equally important in operational programs for hardwoods seedling quality testing.


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How to Cite
Ivetić, Vladan, Jovana Devetaković, and Zoran Maksimović. “Initial Height and Diameter Are Equally Related to Survival and Growth of Hardwood Seedlings in First Year After Field Planting”. REFORESTA0, no. 2 (December 26, 2016): 6-21. Accessed September 26, 2023.
Author Biography

Vladan Ivetić, University of Belgrade - Faculty of Forestry

Head of Chair for Seed and Seedlings Production and Afforestation President of Reforesta Society

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